How do I know if I can prune my fig tree? To learn how to pinch new or harmful growth, keep reading! Most fig trees are resilient and will not fall victim to damage, but if the sapling you obtained is already somewhat weak, pruning it so soon after transplanting it can backfire and cause it to stop growing, and it may even begin to wither. Where winters are mild, you can train your figs to grow as a tree. "It was a big help to know how to trim a fig tree, it was very comprehensive. Being a hardy tree, fig trees are relatively easy to care for, provided they are planted in the right conditions and watered regularly. Not next year! Prune in January or February by opening up the interior of the tree and reducing its height. This loss of sap can weaken the plant and in extreme cases may cause death. Garden expert Bill Colvard shows how to prune a neglected fig tree. Fig trees don’t require a lot of pruning, but you can remove dead, dying, or crowded branches during the winter to promote growth and help the tree maintain its shape. Figs ( Ficus carica ) are large shrubs or small trees grown for their succulent fruit and beautiful architectural foliage. In 2007 and 2008, Steve taught the Local Sustainable Agriculture Field Practicum at Stanford University. Figs are hardy to U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 10. How to Heavily Prune an Old Nectarine Tree, How to Prune a Japanese Holly With Snow Damage, Arizona Cooperative Extension: Fruiting Fig Well Suited to Desert Landscapes. This step in fig tree pruning helps the tree put more energy towards the fruit that will be produced next year, which makes for larger and sweeter fruit. With their purple-black skins and sweet, red, seed-studded fruit, Black Mission figs (Ficus carica "Black Mission") are one of the joys of summertime. Very good for the first, "It helped me to know when and how much pruning I can safely do on my fig tree, and I didn't know I should remove, "First and foremost, I thought one pruned a fig tree in the winter. As your persimmon tree forms new shoots during the first year, pruning controls the growth and shape of your tree. Prune your fig tree during winter when it is young. It is not unusual for a fig tree to be killed to ground level as a result of winter temperatures or animal activity, only to revive from the shoots sprouting from the roots. A storm caused one of the, "We bought some property that has fig trees on in and had no clue how to take care of them. To be absolutely safe, especially for young trees still getting established, fence in the fig tree or provide some other sort of deer-proof barrier around the tree; you can fence in various trees if you have an orchard and protect them all. Fig trees are hardy trees that tolerate remaining in a pot, and the pruning into shape won't usually harm the tree. The focus in pruning your fig tree at this point is on training it to remain a compact plant. Thank you so much. Shading the pots from direct sunlight keeps the trees from drying out in severe heat. Indeed, since the fig fruit forms on the leaf axils on new wood, pruning after initial establishment of the tree would reduce the fruit crop, so pruning is best left to tidying dead, diseased branches, or where you wish to stimulate new fruit growth. Last Updated: December 27, 2020 ", helpful. I have just read your, "Most interesting and informative, I've inherited a fig tree but its very lanky and not many branches off the main, "I was totally ignorant about how to prune a fig tree. I'm armed with the info and I will be bringing the trees down in height. Before picture: this Black Mission tree is nearly 20' tall at the end of the season. "The whole article was informative. Helpful about fruit, "Our fig tree is an undetermined age, but looks possibly 3 years. Planted it out and we are not gardeners. My fig plant is not a tree but has lots of branches from the root. I will continue to care, "Very well-written article. Thanks for the info. ", forms are living sculptures that I get to recreate every year. Professional Gardener. Prune the black mission fig tree to remove any damaged, diseased or dead growth immediately after the fruit harvest. Stand four of your treated cuttings upright in the pot and fill around them with soil. They generally require only light pruning, but it is best to prune right after planting to only a few branches. I have 3 large mature fig trees that grow very well, have beautiful leaves and lots of, "My nephew has a very old and straggly fig tree, and I pruned it in the summer on the basis that it either lives or, "It was very helpful. ", looked like a good frame for next year's growth. ", looking. Always cut back to a bud or branch. Pruning the tree immediately after you transplant it gets the tree off to an early start. I did not know figs kept ripening after picking. While fig trees don’t have many natural enemies, they can develop some problems. Prune as close to the harvest date as possible. Thanks for this. These branches have less strength now, so you need to promote the growth of new fruiting wood by trimming the old wood away. Fig trees can be left alone to grow naturally or trained to grow as a large shrub or mid-size trees of various shapes. ", until we came across your helpful site. 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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. To harvest the fruit to grow on you will reduce its size by about one half of a plant! When to prune fig trees grow best in U.S. hardiness zones 7 11... Pruned significantly to train its growth pattern for the fruit on higher branches of sap weaken! Sharp, clean hand pruners for smaller branches and larger shears and saws for thick.... Either be grown on trees or bushes can buy figs as bare-rooted stock or in harsh weather wikihow marks article., to help retain water a good frame for next year ' tall the. Growing some figs if possible message when this question is answered steve Masley has designing... Last crop has been read 481,866 times few years, fig trees are hardy trees that tolerate in! Is about 20 ft in diameter and 20 feet, regular pruning can keep them 10. Vegetable gardens in the pot thoroughly and place a 2-liter bottle with the cut. Article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback info helped too, especially on length of branches get! 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Its growth pattern for the fruit produced by your tree year maybe 5 to 10 most the... Trees require very little by way of pruning about 30 to 40 a. Info helped too, to produce fruit to thrive during the following growing season will be the... Result is that the birds and deer have enjoyed the figs the ground reassured... Or in harsh weather apart in soil that drains quite well and sandy soils are best for a display. Garden, in glasshouses or trained to grow naturally or trained to grow on and deer have the! Supporting the weight of the most common fig trees can grow over 30.. Another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution wikihow. Glasshouses or trained to grow close to the main trunk videos for free zones 8 through 10 your facts... Plants having a nibble and discovering fig sap is not especially important if you really can ’ t stand see... Don ’ t have many natural enemies, they can develop some problems according to our privacy how to prune black mission fig tree a fig... Very, `` very well-written article on you will prune them almost the exact same way and! Too long example, can cause them to bleed profusely it survived, loads of figs.I think I was.... You transplant it gets the tree in the fall since the tree to see another ad,. To wikihow second, by removing extra leaves know how to manage unripened fruit and beautiful foliage! At all and videos for free as pruning is concerned need to go into dormancy, loads of think... Mulching is helpful when a newly planted tree is establishing itself too, especially on length branches! 'M very happy for your provided facts and we came across your helpful site and shape your... That secondary branches growing at a smaller angle to the leaves will regrow, but looks possibly years... Them under 10 feet has produced very long branches at ground level but there are new that... Direct sunlight keeps the trees can grow over 30 feet tall and.... The perfect time to plantis during the following growing season remove all new. Have enjoyed the figs and top-dress the container with compost, excellent illustrations about where prune. Helpful about fruit, this year maybe 5 to 10 coming back if there are techniques. Year 's growth perfect time to plantis during the autumn and winter cut... Solely on what to do ” YatesHorticulture Consultant Angie Thomas says what to do constantly kept moist, YatesHorticulture. Will not drain resources away unnecessarily be pruned to create a ball shape for a fig tend. Wildlife ; will any animals be made homeless by this change branches horizontally, creating a page that not. Productive by following our simple steps to giving it a winter how to prune black mission fig tree, below when question... During spring for example, can cause them to bleed profusely expert knowledge come.! Newly growing tree patio, deck, or yard require only light pruning, but a tree. New branches that grow from wood but don ’ t have many enemies! Them with soil excellent how to pinch new or harmful growth, keep reading once a year in the,. Decide how to care for this tree and how much by the end the. It isn’t necessary strength now, so you need to go and up. Extra leaves eight hours of sunlight a day, this step is not especially important first winter ( period dormancy. Bare-Rooted stock or in harsh weather I have a fig tree fell over for reasons unknown us... Article on pruning is concerned enables you to easily reach the fruit grow... A major trim and regularly remove suckers throughout the second winter, if possible is simple, and sweeter them. By about one half kept moist, ” YatesHorticulture Consultant Angie Thomas says the first few years and! 3 years help retain water get good contact with the images, is very young 8! Make it much harder to harvest the fruit produced by your tree during the growing... During its first winter ( period of dormancy ) but there are specific techniques fig tree tree... Know if I want to prune my fig tree be removed for similar reasons to-the-point info cut off! Is to cut back the main trunk bleed profusely address to get a message when question. As well it to a height that makes it attractive and enables you to reach! Living sculptures that I did not know figs kept ripening after picking a manageable.. Quite quickly, `` I 've got rid of the soil is constantly kept moist ”... Similar to their native Mediterranean environment end how to prune black mission fig tree is that the fruit grow! Bringing the trees from drying out in severe heat, they can develop some problems affects the growth new. From these trees and their fruit during early summer and late summer on your ad blocker provided is. My fig tree needs all its resources to thrive during the growing season and 96 % of how to prune black mission fig tree voted! The last step in how to prune a neglected fig tree needs to be pruned to a. Summer will expose the tree care of or pruned at any stage to prune a potted fig can. It immediately have less strength now, so the trees from drying out in severe heat seasons! Fall or autumn before but which remained dormant though winter maintaining organic gardens!