Vascular surgery itself has sort of branched off into its own universe, leaving general surgery far behind. After the fellowship, the surgeon must take and pass a second set of board certification exams in the critical-care specialty. These physicians are involved in diagnosis and treatment as well as pre-, intra- and post-operative care. Pediatric surgery is 5â7 years of residency and a 2-3 year fellowship. Otherwise, these procedures are typically performed by vascular surgery specialists. As with all other types of surgeons, a pediatric surgeon must complete extensive schooling prior â¦ Trainees will then go onto Higher Surgical Training (HST), lasting a further five to six years. General Surgeons are expected to be emotionally resilient with the ability to communicate effectively and the physical stamina to cope with the demands of performing surgery. Bleeding, infections, bowel obstructions and organ perforations are the main problems they deal with. General surgery is a surgical specialty that focuses on abdominal contents including esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, liver, pancreas, gallbladder, appendix and bile ducts, and often the thyroid gland (depending on local referral patterns). They are also called upon to staff surgical intensive care units or trauma intensive care units. In addition to being on call to handle emergencies, it is common to work 50-to-60-hours a week in this field and have overnight and irregular hours. WHAT DOES AN ORTHOPAEDIC SURGEON TREAT? With these nine states paying on average above the national average, the opportunities for economic advancement by changing locations as a General Surgeon appears to be exceedingly fruitful. Endocrine system 4. It depends what you mean: 1. Anesthesiologists work with other physicians and surgeons to decide on treatments and procedures before, during, and after surgery. Pediatric surgeons do surgery on patients age lower than 18. There are greater opportunities for increased specialisation within large hospitals and specialist units. Musculoskeletal pain is the number one reason why people visit their doctors each year. General Surgery is the oldest specialty field in surgery. General surgeons perform a majority of all non-cosmetic breast surgery from lumpectomy to mastectomy, especially pertaining to the evaluation, diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer. All general surgeons are trained in emergency surgery. Trauma surgeons also work with surgeons in other specialties to stabilize patients in critical condition, and usually work in the emergency care area of a hospital or medical center. The U.S. â¦ The scope of general surgery General surgery is a discipline that requires knowledge of and responsibility for the preoperative, operative, and postoperative management of patients with a broad spectrum of diseases, including those which may require nonoperative, elective, or emergency surgical treatment. 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