It is interesting to note that this trend is not true for women in the workforce, where the participation rate has been fairly steady over that same 30 year period. For example, instead of each employee being treated individually by management when it comes to what they are paid, the union bosses represent all the employees at the same time and negotiate levels of pay that apply to everyone. If mediation does not result in an agreement, because one or both sides are unwilling to accept the decision of the third party, they may opt instead for arbitration, under which the third party studies the situation and arrives at a binding agreement. [3], Another management tactic is replacing striking workers with strikebreakers—non-union workers who are willing to cross picket lines to replace strikers. But Labour Day is more than just the unofficial end to summer — a fact many Canadians tend to forget. Typically, employees are in no position to bargain for better deals. This is the address from which calls will be made using the specified number as Caller ID. Discuss key terms associated with union/management issues, such as mediation and arbitration. Union-management relations in Canada by Morley Gunderson, 2001, Addison-Wesley Longman edition, in English - 4th ed. Union-management relations in Canada by Morley Gunderson, 1982, Addison-Wesley Press edition, in English The following chart demonstrates that there has been an overall decrease in the percentage of workers in Canada who are union members from 1981 to 2012. At the bottom are locals that serve workers in a particular geographical area. All rights reserved. Fundamentals of Business: Canadian Edition by Pamplin College of Business and Virgina Tech Libraries is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted. Please note that VoIP 911 depends on your Internet working and your phone device being registered and ready to make calls. Canada’s Leader: Passing or Failing the “Smell Test”? Identify the tactics used by each side to support its negotiating position: strikes, picketing, boycotting, and lockouts. When there’s a discrepancy between what workers want and what management is willing to give—as there usually is—union officials serve as negotiators on behalf of their workforce, with the objective of extracting the best package of salary, benefits, and other conditions possible. Public Sector Labour Management Issues (IRE 1625). Some large multinational corporations have a strong anti-union stance, making it more difficult for employees to form unions in those companies. Union organization and membership grew more rapidly in Canada, and for the past several years union members have comprised a considerably larger percentage of the labour force. In a non-union environment, the employer makes largely unilateral, i.e., one-sided decisions on issues affecting its labour force, such as salary and benefits. Public Sector Labour Management Issues (IRE 1625) This subject guide is meant to assist students, particularly those enrolled in IRE1625, with research papers and assignments. So will membership continue to decline causing unions to lose even more power? Ironically, most progressive Unions also want better management. Although it grew slightly last year, the proportion of all workers who are union members (the unionization rate) has slowly declined from 38 per cent in the early 1980s to 28.6 per cent last year. First, income and wealth inequality have increased in Canada. Lockout tactics were also used in the 2011 labour dispute between the National Football League (NFL) and the National Football League Players Association when club owners and players failed to reach an agreement on a new contract. In fact, many effective union representatives partner with management to achieve company goals. Home; Canadian Public Sector Union Issues. Union dues-paying workers comprised 31.8% of all employees in Canada in 2015, an increase of 0.3 percentage points from 2014 . As undergraduates at York University discovered when they arrived on campus in 2007, the effects of a strike can engulf parties other than employers and strikers: with two-hundred food services workers on strike, students had to scramble to find food at local mini-markets. When they go on strike, workers walk away from their jobs and refuse to return until the issue at hand has been resolved. Making management live up to its obligation to bargain with the Union is an important issue. Map All rights reserved. Certain members are designated as stewards to serve as go-betweens in disputes between workers and supervisors. If everything goes smoothly, a tentative agreement can be reached and then voted on by union members. Build Worker Power The labour movement was created by people standing up together for fair wages, safe workplaces and decent work hours. We must always try to make management bargain over any proposed change, no matter what the Management Rights clause says. To achieve a healthy workplace that leads to commitment and engagement, there are some important best practices that can be implemented, jointly, by the union-management partnership. As we saw in “Motivating employees”, Maslow believed that individuals are motivated to satisfy five levels of unmet needs (physiological, safety, social, esteem, and self-actualization). It later dissolves in 1878. The union can do the following. Why Managers Often Resist Unionization Efforts. they could find other ways to offset the increase in costs, but since managers are already supposed to be paying attention to costs, finding offsets can be quite difficult. 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