River Birch trees are known for their graceful drooping limbs, foliage, and beautiful peeling bark. Cutting back river birch tree to trunks birch pruning winter care and fertilizing hawks landscape inc birch pruning winter care and fertilizing hawks landscape inc dwarf river birch betula nigra little king pruning river birch home garden information center tree care spring pruning tips cm s outdoor solutions group. Pruning silver and river birch trees near house. Birch trees should be pruned during the dormant months of late winter to early spring. When pruning birches including dwarf river birches, it is best to avoid Spring and Fall pruning when the sap is flowing as this will stain the branches and trunks by “bleeding” sap. The river birch, ideal for planting in damp soil, a fast-growing tree with shaggy light brown to creamy bark, heavily peeling in layers when young. River birch in this area responds quite well to reduction as long as the cut size is kept at a size that the tree can seal up fairly quickly. River birch trees are pretty immune to most of these assaults and therefore can be pruned at other times of the year. It is the hybrids that I purchased and planted that are most susceptible to this type of infestation. And late spring and early summer are when bronze birch borers are out in full force and may take advantage of fresh pruning wounds. Be sure you have plenty of space for this tree as they can spread to 40 feet across. Is it safe to have the trees trimmed during the late summer or fall. I'm very upset - I feel as though they've ruined my tree. They are not affected. Its attractive bark is especially striking in the winter when the rest of the tree is bare. The river birch tree often is used for landscaping due to its graceful drooping limbs and attractive color. A fast-growing shade tree, river birch (_Betula nigra_) is the most widely adapted of the birch trees. I also admit that I'm not an expert. debi9217. Prune at the right time. The birch tree is grown throughout Canada and the continental United States. Learn about river birch, also called black birch or red birch, many cultivars of graceful, fast-growing, upright, open, deciduous trees of wetland forests. Maple and birch trees are famous for the copious amounts of sap they bleed after being pruned in late winter. White birches should be pruned before the first day of May or after the first day of August. The tree is fast growing, commonly to heights of 60 feet.. Two of the most common birch tree species in the Northeast are the River Birch and White Birch. To avoid this, only prune birches when they are in a non-growing dormant phase. The time to make a long lasting effect on the form and structure of the plant is when the tree is young. The only thing with pruning river birch is it will perpetuate pruning on at least a bi-annual cycle and even annually if it’s happy. The birch tree is popular among homeowners due to its beautiful bark, modest size and graceful branches. River birch is hardy, grows rapidly, but tends to be short-lived (30 to 40 years) in many urban settings, possibly due to inadequate water supply. Advertisement. Spring or early summer pruning helps with that, at least from what I’ve observed here. Birch Tree Benefits. The best time to trim River Birch is in the late summer - fall. If you wait until later, the cuts will needlessly bleed copious amounts of sap. A few branches can be removed in summer, if needed, after the trees leaves have reached full size. The tree most of us think of as the ideal birch is the cut-leaf weeping birch from northern Europe. Established trees do not require regular pruning. I have 3 clumps of 3 river birch trees. The other is a drought-resistant large shrub called black birch or river birch, which can tolerate serious drought. Some of the information I read mentioned that River Birches will bleed sap profusely if they're cut at the wrong time, seems to me that Spring is the time to avoid pruning. I'm a complete novice to pruning/trimming. The trunk typically grows about 2 feet in diameter but occasionally will be much wider. The White Birch tree is characterized by its beautiful white bark (when mature) and drooping branches, whereas the River Birch tree has a brownish-red exfoliating bark and pyramidal to rounded … Avoid early spring pruning while the tree's sap is running. They love it where they are, but in the last few years they have become HUGE. Trees typically live 50 -75 years. The benefits of birches outweigh the slight deficiencies mentioned above. The following are some useful tips on how to prune a birch tree. They provide great shade, but the clean-up of the debris they produce is not worth it. The bog birch is short and shrubby and grows in wetlands. Unlike the white-barked birches, river birch’s tolerance of bronze birch borer, birch leaf miner, and drought and heat are part of why it has become the birch of choice for landscaping around the country, and the only choice for the south. I've done quite a bit of research and found that river birch "bleed" when pruned in the late winter/early spring, so it is suggested that pruning be done in late spring/early summer. While this is usually not a problem for the tree, it can be disconcerting for the owner when sap drips on outdoor furniture, walkways and people. Branches that rub together should be removed. Always wear eye protection and follow safety guidelines to prevent injury while pruning the trees. In addition, summer pruning is discouraged due to birch borer and other pests. Some have brances from the ground up, two of which have the smaller trees with them. River birch tolerates low soil oxygen, flooding, and clay soil, but needs moist conditions. River birch trimming? River Birch Trees. If you really want one, plant it, water it and water it again, don't stop watering, ever. I would not fertilize them. Genus Betula can be deciduous trees or shrubs, usually colouring well in autumn and often with striking white, pink, or peeling brown bark; separate male and female catkins open before or with the leaves in spring . Two seem to have not grown leaves on the top approx. The tree requires an acid soil, otherwise it becomes chlorotic. A: River birch tree sap is known to cause babies to be born naked and to make your hair turn gray when you’re old. Birch trees are good-looking plants and great supporters of wildlife. These trees should be pruned in fall, after the leaves have dropped. 14 years ago. Family Betulaceae . River Birch- Pruning. The vital sap will seep out of the pruning cut and diminish the tree’s overall health. This shade tree has highly symmetrical branching and upright pyramidal to upright oval form. When and how should I fertilize it? Pruning birch trees limits insect infestations and promotes longer life. So, remember to prune Birch the same time as you prune Maples, in June and July. A: You can prune any time after the leaves fall and before next February. When it comes to silver birch trees, these are best pruned between the end of summer and the beginning of autumn. Keep reading to learn more river birch tree facts, such as river birch tree care and effectively using river birch trees … Birch – Pruning, Winter Care and Fertilizing. The limbs are so long, they are nearly touching the ground. Just wanted to make sure it was ok to snip off 9 or 10 lower-hanging branches, don't want any long-term damage to the tree. I have 6 river birches in my back yard ranging from 7 to about 10ft. For safety reasons it is preferable to leave a certain distance to avoid the possible fall of branches on the roof. When to Prune. Paper birch starts life with a brown trunk that whitens as it ages. pruning river birch. There are several tools available for pruning a birch tree, you will have to choose between one or the other depending on several factors, the most important is the age (height) of the birch. European white birch is a fast-growing, graceful tree with creamy white bark that peels to reveal darker skin beneath. Pruning cuts at this time will ooz sap from the cuts, but this will not harm the tree. Among the tools you can use are the following: Hand Pruning Shears: Stems up to half inch in diameter can be pruned with hand shears. They "bleed" sap quite freely when cut in the spring. Leave at least 75 percent of the tree intact when pruning. River birch is a medium to tall tree, growing 60-80 feet at maturity and about 40 wide. River Birch Tree Facts. A landscaper (16 years ago) suggested these (and I didn't argue since I love the bark and look) and planted them about 10 feet from our screened porch and patio on a small hillside. The same rules apply to Birches for developmental pruning as they do to Maples. Prune white birch trees by pruning at the right time, choosing the proper branches to prune and cutting carefully. As it gets bigger it uses more water. They can also grow to over 50 feet tall and like most trees they need TLC. With a mature height upwards of 60 feet and a rapid growth rate this shade tree is a great option for large homes. The wood is medium to lightweight and quite sturdy. My landscape service pruned my river birch by removing all of the lower branches up to about 6 feet off the ground. Other than that, the sap that is dripping from the cut branches is harmless. see more; Synonyms Betula rubra. This picture from our front yard, shows a cluster of River Birch trees in the background. Birch trees experience the same pressure build up in their roots when exposed to the same temperatures as Maples, thus, when cut in late winter, they too will “bleed” heavy amounts of sap. It is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture **plant hardiness zones 4 through 9a**. The lower branches are too low to walk under. River birches are fast growing shade trees and they can easily grow 2 to 3 feet per year. Height 20m (65ft). It is important to know from where in nature your tree's relatives come. Pruning is best carried out in late spring, summer, or fall to avoid any heavy sap from flowing from cuts. I have tons of natural clump birches that were not planted and they are more resistant to borers. That said, planting a birch on the dry prairies is not a practical thing to do. Hi Heather-The sap moves freely in the birch tree during the winter and early spring. Pruning a River Birch Tree . River Birch- Pruning. These trees have their own charms, however. Crossing or crowded branches should be removed. Q: When should I prune my river birch tree? The river birch is a popular tree for river banks and wet parts of the garden. The lovely birch -- except for one tough native, the black or river birch, all birch are swamp trees. Almost done A late August or early September pruning is probably best as the leaves have produced most of the energy for the tree that they will produce and the hottest most stressful part of summer is past. This tree is about 8 - 10 years old and has never been pruned like this before. River birch is best pruned after August 1. Neither tree requires regular pruning. Silver Birch Tree Pruning Times. In USDA zones 8b and 9a, river birch needs regular irrigation to survive the heat. Plants of the characteristics of these varieties of birches, which can reach great heights, in principle are not recommended to be planted too close to a house. My birches have borers and there is nothing I can do to save the tree. 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